Tan­z­a­nia Part 2: Did Mag­ufu­li want to lea­ve WHO?

On 17 March 2021[1], Dr. John Pom­be Mag­ufu­li, the for­mer pre­si­dent of Tan­z­a­nia, died. This hap­pen­ed to the shock of not only many Tanzanians.

To this day, many Tan­z­a­ni­ans belie­ve that Dr Mag­ufu­li was pro­ba­b­ly mur­de­red. One artic­le on Com­pact, for exam­p­le, refers to a tele­vi­si­on report on Kenya accor­ding to which Mag­ufu­li was alle­gedly poi­so­ned by the Chi­ne­se with the sup­port of Wes­tern spies[2].

Export ban as motive?

Two press reports ela­bo­ra­te on this and name a pos­si­ble motive:

A high ran­king Gover­ne­ment offi­ci­al in Tan­z­a­nia has clai­med that Dr. John Pom­be Magafu­li was kil­led by the Chi­ne­se in col­la­bo­ra­ti­on with the Wes­tern Count­ries becau­se he stood strong and denied them ent­ry in Tan­z­a­nia and blo­cked them from acces­sing the rich mine­ral resour­ces in the Coun­try.[3]

The „Mara­vi­post“ appro­pria­te­ly wro­te on this:

Pre­si­dent Dr. John Pom­be Mag­ufu­li direc­ted that all mine­rals that are extra­c­ted in Tan­z­a­nia must be manu­fac­tu­red in the Coun­try and no raw mate­ri­als should be expor­ted wit­hout pri­or appr­oval from his offi­ci­als which made it very dif­fi­cult for com­pa­nies from the east or wes­tern Count­ries to access the raw mate­ri­als and export them to their count­ries.“ [4]

Offi­ci­al­ly, it is said that Dr Mag­ufu­li suc­cum­bed to heart fail­ure[5]. Rumours that he had suf­fe­r­ed from a serious ill­ness with Covid-19 cir­cu­la­ted[6], but accor­ding to press reports, such claims were pro­se­cu­ted and sever­ely punis­hed[7], [8].

Dis­agree­ments with the WHO

It is con­ceiva­ble that Dr Mag­ufu­li was seen as too much of a thre­at to WHO interests:

„Magafu­li was the first pre­si­dent to oppo­se WHO ins­truc­tions and he cho­se to go with the mas­ses and he had done what Tan­z­a­ni­an peo­p­le wan­ted not what WHO and Coro­na Virus Coun­cil want.“[9]

Mag­ufu­le against strict Coro­na measures

Ano­ther jour­na­list sound­ed the same horn:

„Tan­z­a­nia under fire from WHO for lack­lus­ter respon­se to COVID-19 pandemic

Aut­ho­ri­ties in the coun­try have been lax in issuing updates on the num­ber of coro­na­vi­rus infec­tions, while Pre­si­dent John Mag­ufu­li has stub­born­ly refu­sed to intro­du­ce strin­gent mea­su­res to slow the spread of the virus.“[10]

Con­side­ring that sin­ce the begin­ning of the cri­sis, Euro­pe and the USA have reli­ed sole­ly on fight­ing the cri­sis with „vac­ci­nes“ deve­lo­ped at „warp speed“, it must have pissed off tho­se respon­si­ble at the WHO, the Bill & Melin­da Gates Foun­da­ti­on or even GAVI, the glo­bal vac­ci­na­ti­on alli­ance, that Dr Mag­ufu­li expres­sed dis­sen­ting views:

„Pre­si­dent Mag­ufu­li, who was reelec­ted in a dis­pu­ted Octo­ber 2020 elec­tion, has been down­play­ing the virus and has told the health minis­try not to rush to purcha­se vac­ci­nes.“[11]

Minis­ter of Health pau­sed from 2020 until end of Magufuli’s term of office

The Minis­ter for Health, Com­mu­ni­ty Deve­lo­p­ment, Gen­der, Elder­ly and Child­ren in Tan­z­a­nia at that time was Ms Ummy Mwa­li­mu, who was appoin­ted to the post by Pre­si­dent Dr Mag­ufu­li in 2015[12], [13] and held the post until Decem­ber 2020[14]. Sin­ce Janu­ary 2022, Mwa­li­mu has again held the office of Minis­ter of Health under the new Pre­si­dent, Mrs Samia Sulu­hu Hassan[15]. It is par­ti­cu­lar­ly note­wor­t­hy in the cur­ri­cu­lum vitae of the old and new Tan­z­a­nia Minis­ter of Health that she was Pro­gram­me Offi­cer-Gover­nan­ce & Gen­der at the Danish Embas­sy in Dani­da from 2004 to 2010[16].

Under Dr Mag­ufu­li, Mwa­li­mu cam­pai­gned for the aboli­ti­on of underage mar­ria­ge[17], [18] against fema­le geni­tal muti­la­ti­on[19]  and for mea­su­res to com­bat homo­se­xua­li­ty[20], [21] which is punis­ha­ble in Tanzania.

Accor­ding to insi­ders, Dr Mag­ufu­li pro­ba­b­ly reli­e­ved Ms Mwa­li­mu of her posi­ti­on as Minis­ter of Health becau­se she alle­gedly held a pro-vac­ci­na­ti­on opinion.

Money and other miracles

Other peo­p­le report,

„that the health minis­ter Ummy was dis­missed by mag­ufu­li becau­se she wan­ted to com­ply with the WHO pan­de­mic report­ing requi­re­ments, and had alre­a­dy star­ted releasing updated figu­res of infec­tions and deaths. Mag­ufu­li was against that, say­ing that would only crea­te panic and fata­lism in the society.

Inte­res­t­ingly, the health minis­ter who suc­cee­ded Ummy hap­pen­ed to be an in-law of a fire­brand „Arch­bi­shop“ of one of the lar­gest chris­ti­an revi­va­list churches in the coun­try, Jose­phat Gwa­ji­ma Inter­na­tio­nal Minis­try, who was/is (?) an out­spo­ken cri­tic of vac­ci­na­ti­on, and had publicly exhor­ted his fol­lo­wers not to get vac­ci­na­ted. Arch­bi­shop Gwa­ji­ma is a mem­ber of Par­lia­ment repre­sen­ting one of the con­sti­tuen­ci­es (the Kawe con­sti­tuen­cy) in Dar-es-salaam.

One of the first things that Samia Sulu­hu did when she beca­me Pre­si­dent was to allo­ca­te a lar­ge fund of money (Tshs 15 Bil­li­on) for dif­fe­rent infra­struc­tu­re pro­jects in the Kawe con­sti­tuen­cy, and then she per­so­nal­ly went to Kawe with Gwa­ji­ma to pre­sent the dona­ti­on. During the event, when she was intro­du­ced, the first thing she did was pump up the crowd with the ques­ti­on: »are we going to get vac­ci­na­ted or not?«, alt­hough she was cle­ver­ly direc­ting the ques­ti­on to Gwa­ji­ma. In return, Gwa­ji­ma sof­ten­ed his tone regar­ding vac­ci­na­ti­on, later on sug­gest­ing that he now might deci­de to get vac­ci­na­ted. […] Peo­p­le have been spe­cu­la­ting about whe­ther or not he has alre­a­dy been vac­ci­na­ted, and alt­hough he has not come out publicly recom­men­ding to his fol­lo­wers to get vac­ci­na­ted, he has not been spea­king against it eit­her. Money seems, inde­ed, to be one of God’s unfai­ling »mira­cles«.“

Mwalimu’s suc­ces­sor, Dr Doro­thy One­s­pho­ro Gwa­ji­ma, was more like the late pre­si­dent hims­elf. She had a repu­ta­ti­on for get­ting things done quick­ly and quick­ly rose from the posi­ti­on of dis­trict medi­cal offi­cer to regio­nal medi­cal offi­cer, depu­ty secre­ta­ry in the Minis­try of Health, long befo­re she was appoin­ted Minis­ter of Health under Pre­si­dent Magufuli.

As Minis­ter of Health, Mwalimu’s links to both the World Health Orga­ni­sa­ti­on (WHO) and the Bill & Melin­da Gates Foun­da­ti­on may come as no sur­pri­se. In 2018, for exam­p­le, she par­ti­ci­pa­ted in a WHO event co-orga­nis­ed by the Gates Foun­da­ti­on on Non-Com­mu­ni­ca­ble Dise­a­ses (NCDs) resul­ting from tob­ac­co and alco­hol use, unhe­alt­hy diets and phy­si­cal inac­ti­vi­ty[22].  The Johns Hop­kins Bloom­berg School of Public Health web­site for April 2020 reports that Mwa­li­mu has pro­cu­red lar­ge quan­ti­ties of con­tracep­ti­ves and pro­vi­ded fun­ding for fami­ly plan­ning at the local level[23].  It is inte­res­t­ing to note that the artic­le was ori­gi­nal­ly pos­ted on the web­site of the „gates­in­sti­tu­te“[24], but has sin­ce been remo­ved. Was the link bet­ween the Gates Foun­da­ti­on and the Johns Hop­kins Bloom­berg School of Public Health to be hidden?

Quel­le: Screen­shot vom 29.05.2022

Gates not very amused

Also, worth men­tio­ning at this point is a dona­ti­on total­ling USD 149,974 in March 2020 from the Bill & Melin­da Gates Foun­da­ti­on to the WHO in Tan­z­a­nia, this in con­nec­tion with the out­break of Covid-19[25]. The low num­ber of tests against Covid-19 car­ri­ed out under Dr Mag­ufu­li appar­ent­ly also upset Bill Gates. He wro­te in Decem­ber 2021:

„Wit­hout enough vac­ci­nes available in Afri­ca, COVID-19 mar­ches on infec­ting mil­li­ons of peo­p­le. Even asses­sing the true sca­le of the pan­de­mic on the con­ti­nent is dif­fi­cult. A recent World Health Orga­niza­ti­on assess­ment esti­ma­ted that only one in seven cases of COVID in Afri­ca are being detec­ted becau­se of a limi­t­ed amount of test­ing.“[26]

Accor­ding to a Tan­z­a­ni­an insi­der known to the edi­to­ri­al team, Mag­ufu­li had plans to lea­ve the WHO as well as a num­ber of other inter­na­tio­nal orga­ni­sa­ti­ons. This had led to a rift bet­ween the late pre­si­dent and his most important medi­cal advi­sor from the Minis­try of Health.

Wha­te­ver the actu­al cau­se of the sud­den death of the Tan­z­a­ni­an pre­si­dent, who was hated in the West, one thing is clear: his death cer­tain­ly sui­ted the WHO, the Gates Foun­da­ti­on and the vac­ci­ne manufacturers.

Is the WHO losing its members?

Appar­ent­ly, the WHO is not app­re­cia­ted by all its’ mem­ber sta­tes. This has been shown by many events in recent years.

April 2020:

Mada­gas­car is attrac­ting media atten­ti­on after Pre­si­dent Andry Rajo­eli­na unvei­led a tea made from Mala­g­asy medi­cinal herbs as a cure for Covid-19.  The tea was deve­lo­ped by the Mala­g­asy Insti­tu­te for Appli­ed Rese­arch[27]. Despi­te cri­ti­cism from the wes­tern media and the WHO[28], [29], [30], Pre­si­dent Dr. Mag­ufu­li (Tan­z­a­nia) and Pre­si­dent Felix Tshise­ke­di (Demo­cra­tic Repu­blic of Con­go), among others, deci­ded to import the remedy:

„So gaben unter ande­rem die Regie­run­gen von Tan­sa­nia, Kon­go-Braz­z­aville, Libe­ria, Sene­gal, der Zen­tral­afri­ka­ni­schen Repu­blik und von Äqua­to­ri­al­gui­nea Bestel­lun­gen auf. Das west­afri­ka­ni­sche Gui­nea-Bis­sau bekam von der Regie­rung in Antana­na­ri­vo bereits Fläsch­chen geschenkt und ver­sprach, einen Teil davon an die Nach­bar­län­der wei­ter­zu­lei­ten.“ [31]

Here is the translation:

„The govern­ments of Tan­z­a­nia, Con­go-Braz­z­aville, Libe­ria, Sene­gal, the Cen­tral Afri­can Repu­blic and Equa­to­ri­al Gui­nea, among others, pla­ced orders. The West Afri­can coun­try of Gui­nea-Bis­sau has alre­a­dy been given vials by the govern­ment in Antana­na­ri­vo and pro­mi­sed to for­ward some of them to neigh­bou­ring countries.“

Various press reports cla­im that Rajo­eli­na wan­ted to lea­ve WHO after he was offe­red to put some „poi­son“ in the cure for Covid-19. In return, he was offe­red USD 20 mil­li­on by the Euro­peans[32], [33], [34]:

„Rajo­eli­na hat­te dar­auf­hin bereits Mit­te Mai alle afri­ka­ni­schen Natio­nen auf­ge­for­dert, aus der WHO aus­zu­tre­ten. Mit dem Bestechungs­geld woll­te die mafiö­se Orga­ni­sa­ti­on offen­bar den mada­gas­si­schen Prä­si­den­ten von sei­nem Vor­ha­ben abbrin­gen.“[35]

Here is the translation:

„Rajo­eli­na had then alre­a­dy cal­led on all Afri­can nati­ons to lea­ve the WHO in mid-May. With the bri­be money, the mafia-like orga­ni­sa­ti­on appar­ent­ly wan­ted to dis­sua­de the Mala­g­asy pre­si­dent from his plan.“

Fact-che­ckers“ deny the alle­ged offer and cla­im that the Mala­g­asy pre­si­dent has never made any state­ment in this regard[36], [37], [38].. Accor­ding to the WHO web­site, Mada­gas­car remains a mem­ber sta­te of the World Health Orga­ni­sa­ti­on at the time of wri­ting[39].

Mid-May 2020:

In Burun­di, a WHO „team of experts“ is expel­led from the coun­try a few days befo­re the elec­tions the­re on 20 May 2020. The team was accu­sed of inap­pro­pria­te inter­fe­rence in the elec­tion the­re[40].

End of May 2020:

US Pre­si­dent Donald Trump announ­ces he will lea­ve the WHO on 06.07.2021. Among other things, he had accu­sed the World Health Orga­ni­sa­ti­on of being under the con­trol of the Chi­ne­se govern­ment[41]. This was rever­sed after the con­tro­ver­si­al elec­tion of Joe Biden.

17.05.2022:

Rus­si­an Pre­si­dent Vla­di­mir Putin announ­ces his with­dra­wal from the WHO and other inter­na­tio­nal orga­ni­sa­ti­ons such as the World Trade Orga­ni­sa­ti­on (WTO). The Coun­cil of Euro­pe had alre­a­dy been left at that time, he said[42], [43].

20.05.2022:

Bra­zi­li­an Pre­si­dent Jair Bol­so­n­a­ro is blo­cking the pan­de­mic trea­ty sought by the WHO:

„Die neue UN-Akti­on in Rich­tung Impf­päs­se, glo­ba­le Über­wa­chung, Impf­fe­tisch und Hygie­ne­dis­zi­plin kommt bei Bol­so­n­a­ro nicht an. Er ver­si­cher­te bei einem TV-Auf­tritt am Frei­tag, dass Bra­si­li­en den Pan­de­mie­ver­trag nicht unter­zeich­nen wer­de“[44].

Here is the translation:

„The new UN action towards vac­ci­na­ti­on pass­ports, glo­bal sur­veil­lan­ce, vac­ci­na­ti­on fetish and hygie­ne disci­pli­ne is not going down well with Bol­so­n­a­ro. He assu­red in a TV appearance on Fri­day that Bra­zil would not sign the pan­de­mic treaty“.

Afri­ca against WHO paternalism

Accor­ding to a report dated 24.05.2022, it looks as if 12 out of 13 points of the WHO’s plan­ned pan­de­mic trea­ty will not mate­ria­li­se[45]. An even more recent report sug­gests that Afri­ca has derai­led plans for a WHO health dictatorship:

Afri­ca Day, 25 May, has made an impact. In a rare show of Afri­can power and soli­da­ri­ty, seve­ral Afri­can mem­ber sta­tes objec­ted to pro­po­sed Inter­na­tio­nal Health Regu­la­ti­ons amend­ments, dis­cus­sed at the World Health Assem­bly 75 this week – a move many belie­ve might shake up the World Health Organization’s domi­nan­ce.” [46]

On 30.05.2022, it was repor­ted that fur­ther WHO mem­ber sta­tes objec­ted to the pan­de­mic trea­ty being sought:

„Bots­wa­na read a state­ment on behalf of its 47 AFRO mem­bers, say­ing they would be coll­ec­tively with­hol­ding their sup­port for the ‘reforms’, which many Afri­can mem­bers were very con­cer­ned about.

Mul­ti­ple other count­ries also said they had reser­va­tions over the chan­ges and would not be sup­port­ing them either.

The­se included Bra­zil, Rus­sia, India, Chi­na, South Afri­ca, Iran and Malay­sia. Bra­zil in par­ti­cu­lar said it would exit WHO altog­e­ther, rather than allow its popu­la­ti­on to be made sub­ject to the new amend­ments.”[47]

Per­haps Dr Mag­ufu­li has also con­tri­bu­ted some­thing to the gro­wing resis­tance of more and more count­ries against the power of the WHO.

Finan­cial depen­den­ci­es for the new government

It is note­wor­t­hy that in Sep­tem­ber 2021, only a few months after the death of the pre­vious pre­si­dent, the Inter­na­tio­nal Mone­ta­ry Fund (IMF) gave a total of USD 567.25 mil­li­on to Tan­z­a­nia to fight Covid p(l)andemic[48]. This crea­tes new finan­cial depen­den­ci­es against which Dr Mag­ufu­li has con­sis­t­ent­ly fought during his poli­ti­cal care­er. It is not appa­rent how the imple­men­ta­ti­on of a vac­ci­na­ti­on cam­paign and Covid-19 mea­su­res will help to off­set the col­lap­se in reve­nue from the tou­rism sec­tor. Nor is it clear how bor­ro­wing from the IMF is sup­po­sed to sup­port mone­ta­ry sta­bi­li­ty. What is reco­g­nisable, howe­ver, is that Tanzania’s new govern­ment is making its­elf depen­dent on the inte­rests of the IMF by accep­ting such a loan.


[1] “John Mag­ufu­li. Tan­sa­ni­as Prä­si­dent gestor­ben“ on “zdf​.de“ from 17.03.2021 at 10:38 p. m.. Available at https://​www​.zdf​.de/​n​a​c​h​r​i​c​h​t​e​n​/​p​a​n​o​r​a​m​a​/​t​a​n​s​a​n​i​a​-​p​r​a​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​t​o​t​-​1​0​0​.​h​tml, last acces­sed on 11.05.2022.

[2] Jür­gen Elsäs­ser „Mord? Tan­sa­ni­as Prä­si­dent, der kon­se­quen­te Lock­down- und Impf-Geg­ner John Mag­ufu­li, stirbt völ­lig über­ra­schend mit 61“ on „com​pact​-online​.de“ from 18.03.2021. Available on https://​www​.com​pact​-online​.de/​m​o​r​d​-​t​a​n​s​a​n​i​a​s​-​p​r​a​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​d​e​r​-​k​o​n​s​e​q​u​e​n​t​e​-​l​o​c​k​d​o​w​n​-​u​n​d​-​i​m​p​f​-​g​e​g​n​e​r​-​j​o​h​n​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​s​t​i​r​b​t​-​v​o​e​l​l​i​g​-​u​e​b​e​r​r​a​s​c​h​e​n​d​-​m​i​t​-​6​1​/​?​c​o​o​k​i​e​-​s​t​a​t​e​-​c​h​a​n​g​e​=​1​6​1​6​0​7​1​6​3​2​162, last acces­sed on 12.05.2022.

[3] Coll­ins K’eb­wa­to “Tan­z­a­ni­an Pre­si­dent John Magafu­li was alle­gedly poi­so­ned by the Chi­ne­se in col­la­bo­ra­ti­on with the Wes­tern count­ries‘ spies” on “the​dro​ne​me​dia​.ug” from 22.03.2021. Available on https://​the​dro​ne​me​dia​.ug/​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​n​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​j​o​h​n​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​w​a​s​-​a​l​l​e​g​e​d​l​y​-​p​o​i​s​o​n​e​d​-​b​y​-​t​h​e​-​c​h​i​n​e​s​e​-​i​n​-​c​o​l​l​a​b​o​r​a​t​i​o​n​-​w​i​t​h​-​t​h​e​-​w​e​s​t​e​r​n​-​c​o​u​n​t​r​i​e​s​-​s​p​i​es/, last acces­sed on 26.05.2022.

[4] “Chi­ne­se alle­gedly tea­m­ed up with Wes­tern Count­ries’ spies to poi­son Tan­z­a­nia Pre­si­dent Mag­ufu­li to death” on “mara​vi​post​.com” from 18.03.2021 at 10:12 p. m.. Available on https://​www​.mara​vi​post​.com/​c​h​i​n​e​s​e​-​a​l​l​e​g​e​d​l​y​-​t​e​a​m​e​d​-​u​p​-​w​i​t​h​-​w​e​s​t​e​r​n​-​c​o​u​n​t​r​i​e​s​-​s​p​i​e​s​-​t​o​-​p​o​i​s​o​n​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​t​o​-​d​e​a​th/, last acces­sed on 24.05.2022.

[5] “John Mag­ufu­li. Tan­sa­ni­as Prä­si­dent gestor­ben“ on “zdf​.de“ from 17.03.2021 at 10:38 p. m.. Available on https://​www​.zdf​.de/​n​a​c​h​r​i​c​h​t​e​n​/​p​a​n​o​r​a​m​a​/​t​a​n​s​a​n​i​a​-​p​r​a​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​t​o​t​-​1​0​0​.​h​tml, last acces­sed on 11.05.2022.

[6] “Tan­sa­nia: Gerüch­te über Todes­ur­sa­che des Prä­si­den­ten“ on “ber​li​ner​-mis​si​ons​werk​.de“. Available on https://www.berliner-missionswerk.de/aktuelles/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=1268, last acces­sed on 11.05.2022.

S See e. g. Afri­can­news and AP “Man arres­ted in Tan­z­a­nia for report­ing that pre­si­dent Mag­ufu­li is ill” on “afri​can​news​.com” from 15.03.2021. Available on https://​www​.afri​ca​news​.com/​2​0​2​1​/​0​3​/​1​5​/​m​a​n​-​a​r​r​e​s​t​e​d​-​i​n​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​f​o​r​-​r​e​p​o​r​t​i​n​g​-​t​h​a​t​-​p​r​e​s​i​d​e​n​t​-​m​a​g​u​f​u​l​i​-​i​s​-​i​ll/, last acces­sed on 11.05.2022.

[8] See e. g. “John Mag­ufu­li: Tan­z­a­nia arrests over miss­ing pre­si­dent rumours” on “bbc​.com” from 15.03.2021. Available on https://​www​.bbc​.com/​n​e​w​s​/​w​o​r​l​d​-​a​f​r​i​c​a​-​5​6​4​0​5​313, last acces­sed on 11.05.2022.

[9] Cle­on Tan­z­a­ni­an “pre­si­dent died after war­ning his peo­p­le about vac­ci­nes, he died from heart com­pli­ca­ti­ons” on “za​.ope​ra​.news” from 20.05.2021. Available on https://​za​.ope​ra​.news/​z​a​/​e​n​/​p​o​l​i​t​i​c​s​/​6​d​b​5​d​2​1​0​d​6​b​2​6​e​b​e​a​d​1​4​8​0​c​9​b​9​d​b​3​329, last acces­sed on 20.05.2022.

[10] Ine­ke Mules “Tan­z­a­nia under fire from WHO for lack­lus­ter respon­se to COVID-19 pan­de­mic” on “dw​.com” from 01.05.2020. Available on https://www.dw.com/en/tanzania-under-fire-from-who-for-lackluster-response-to-covid-19-pandemic/a‑53304699, last acces­sed on 20.05.2022.

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[42] Kor­ne­lia Kirch­we­ger “Weil sie scha­den statt nüt­zen: Russ­land plant Aus­tritt aus WHO-Glo­ba­lis­mus und WTO“ on “wochen​blick​.at“ from 19.05.2022. Available on https://​www​.wochen​blick​.at/​a​l​l​g​e​m​e​i​n​/​r​u​s​s​l​a​n​d​-​p​l​a​n​t​-​a​u​s​t​r​i​t​t​-​a​u​s​-​w​h​o​-​g​l​o​b​a​l​i​s​m​u​s​-​u​n​d​-​w​to/, last acces­sed on 24.05.2022.

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[45] WND News Ser­vices “WHO with­draws 12 Biden ’sove­reig­n­ty‘ amend­ments amid fier­ce oppo­si­ti­on” on “wnd​.com” from 24.05.2022 at 8:02 p. m.. Available on https://www.wnd.com/2022/05/withdraws-12-biden-sovereignty-amendments-amid-fierce-opposition/?utm_source=Email&utm_medium=wnd-breaking&utm_campaign=breaking&utm_content=breaking&ats_es=%5B-MD5-%5D, last acces­sed on 25.05.2022.

[46] Shab­nam Pale­sa Moha­med “Afri­ca objects to US pro­po­sal on con­tro­ver­si­al IHR amend­ments” on “shab​n​am​pa​le​sa​mo​ha​med​.sub​stack​.com” from 27.05.2022. Available on https://​shab​n​am​pa​le​sa​mo​ha​med​.sub​stack​.com/​p​/​a​f​r​i​c​a​-​o​b​j​e​c​t​s​-​t​o​-​u​s​-​p​r​o​p​o​s​a​l​-​o​n​?​s=r, last acces­sed on 31.05.2022.

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[48] Meera Lou­is “IMF Exe­cu­ti­ve Board Appro­ves US$567.25 Mil­li­on in Emer­gen­cy Sup­port to Tan­z­a­nia to Address the COVID-19 Pan­de­mic“ on “imf​.org” from 07.09.2021. Available on https://​www​.imf​.org/​e​n​/​N​e​w​s​/​A​r​t​i​c​l​e​s​/​2​0​2​1​/​0​9​/​0​7​/​p​r​2​1​2​5​6​-​t​a​n​z​a​n​i​a​-​i​m​f​-​e​x​e​c​u​t​i​v​e​-​b​o​a​r​d​-​a​p​p​r​o​v​e​s​-​u​s​-​m​i​l​l​i​o​n​-​e​m​e​r​g​e​n​c​y​-​s​u​p​p​o​r​t​-​a​d​d​r​e​s​s​-​c​o​v​i​d​-​1​9​-​p​a​n​d​e​mic, last acces­sed on 31.05.2022.

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